The noise and vibration in an aircraft cabin during cruise conditions is mostly caused by external flow excitations from the turbulent boundary layer (TBL). The TBL causes the fuselage panels on the aircraft to vibrate. These vibrations radiate sound energy in the form of noise. Therefore, it is of interest to determine which aircraft panel parameter is most sensitive in decreasing the amount of radiated sound power and how to optimize these parameters to reduce the noise into the aircraft cabin. An analytical model was created and validated using Matlab that calculates the acceleration power spectral density (PSD), which is related to radiated sound power (RSP). A sensitivity study was performed on the panel parameters, to determine the change in acceleration PSD, in relation to change in seven different panel parameters: panel thickness, material density, panel width and length, Elasticity modulus, Poisson’s ratio, and damping ratio. An analytical method to optimize an aircraft panel is presented, by changing the panel properties, in order to reduce the acceleration PSD of the panel caused by the TBL. As expected the panel thickness and the panel density are the most consistent, and effective parameters at reducing the acceleration PSD at different octave bands in the human hearing range.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Noise reduction, Optimization, Radiated sound power, Structural acoustics, Turbulent boundary layer
Journal Canadian Acoustics - Acoustique Canadienne
Citation
Sonnenberg, S.A.J. (Steven A. J.), & Rocha, J. (2017). Extended optimization study and panel parameter study for noise radiation reduction of an aircraft panel excited by turbulent flow Réduction du rayonnement acoustique d’un panneau d’aéronef excité par un écoulement turbulent: Étude d’optimisation approfondie et étude des paramètres des panneaux. Canadian Acoustics - Acoustique Canadienne, 45(1), 7–13.