Employed parents (226 fathers, 264 mothers) in Canada were interviewed about the kinds of support that help them balance the dual responsibilities of work and family. The participants received tangible and emotional support from their partners. In the workplace, family-responsibility leave and flexible work arrangements were helpful. The participants also stressed the importance of supportive supervisors and expressed the desire for greater flexibility, shorter hours, and help with child care. The majority of the participants had friends who provided both emotional and practical support in balancing the competing demands of work and family. Comparisons by gender, family type, marital status, and life-cycle stage identified the importance of contextual variables. The findings highlight the importance of multidimensional assessment of support and the necessity to consider both the availability of and gaps in support.

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1080/00224549809600383
Journal Journal of Social Psychology
Lee, C.M. (Catherine M.), & Duxbury, L. (1998). Employed parents' support from partners, employers, and friends. Journal of Social Psychology, 138(3), 303–322. doi:10.1080/00224549809600383