Gender differences in the antecedents and consequences of work-family conflict were tested with an extension of a model of interrole conflict proposed by Kopelman, Greenhaus, and Connolly (1983). Ss consisted of 131 men and 109 women in managerial or professional jobs, with children, and a spouse also in a managerial or professional job. Significant differences were noted in 11 of 17 gender comparisons and are attributed to societal expectations and behavioral norms. It appears that the redistribution of roles within the family to match increased role responsibilities outside the home has not yet occurred. Suggestions for future research are noted.