Flying Ad-hoc Networks (FANETs) [1] are mobile ad-hoc networks formed by small and medium-sized UAVs. Nowadays, most UAVs are equipped with omnidirectional antennas. In addition, most of the existing routing protocols were designed assuming the use of omnidirectional antennas. Directional antennas have the potential to increase spatial reuse, save the battery's energy, and substantially increase the transmission range. However, these benefits come with a few challenges. Existing directional MAC protocols deal with these challenges, mostly in static ad-hoc networks. We define DA-FANETs as FANETs where directional antennas are used. In this paper, we investigate the performance of existing routing protocols in DA-FANETs. First we implement an 802.11b-based directional MAC protocol that embodies common directional MAC protocol features. Then we evaluate the following routing protocols in DA-FANET scenarios: AODV, OLSR, RGR, and GRP. The results show that each antenna beamwidth has an optimal network size that gives the highest amount of routing. In addition, RGR is the best option for DA-FANETs while GRP is the worst. Although RGR shows the best performance of all, it still leaves a lot of room for improvement with a PDR sitting at just 85% and a relatively high amount of overhead in terms of the number of transmissions performed.

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1109/MoWNet.2017.8045949
Conference 2017 International Conference on Selected Topics in Mobile and Wireless Networking, MoWNeT 2017
Citation
Biomo, J.-D.M.M. (Jean-Daniel Medjo Me), Kunz, T, & St-Hilaire, M. (2017). Directional antennas in FANETs: A performance analysis of routing protocols. In 2017 International Conference on Selected Topics in Mobile and Wireless Networking, MoWNeT 2017. doi:10.1109/MoWNet.2017.8045949