It is expected that the next generation of helicopters will incorporate active control devices to suppress noise and vibration, One of the most advanced active control techniques to attenuate noise and vibration in helicopters is called individual blade control (IBC). Each blade is individually commanded independently of its azimuth angle. In the past, IBC was not fully developed, due to the lack of actuators able to withstand the loads that characterize the helicopter rotor environment. Among the new solutions to achieve efficient IBC, the ones that involve solid-state actuators or "smart" structures, are seen as the most promising. The Smart Hybrid Active Rotor Control System (SHARCS) project is expected to demonstrate the ability of smart structure systems, employing multiple active material actuators, sensors and closed-loop controllers, to reduce both vibration and noise in rotorcraft. To assess the capabilities of the smart spring actuator to attenuate vibrations, a prototype of the system is investigated. Before testing the SHARCS system in operative conditions, the characterization of the dynamic properties of the Smart Spring installed on a non rotating helicopter blade are analyzed. The effects of the Smart Spring actuator on the modal properties are studied through experimental investigations carried out at Carleton University. The capability of the Smart Spring to change the dynamic behavior of an actual helicopter blade is demonstrated by analyzing the shifts in the modal parameters. Finally, the modal properties of the blade predicted by a finite element model will be correlated with those experimentally estimated. Copyright

47th AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Coppotelli, G. (G.), Marzocca, P. (P.), Ulker, F.D. (F. D.), Campbell, J. (J.), & Nitzsche, F. (2006). SHARCS project: Modal parameters identification of smart spring/helicopter blade system. In Collection of Technical Papers - AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference (pp. 5337–5348).