Real-time fluorescence detection systems were adapted to identify DNA adducts formed by photogenotoxic phytochemicals. Two assays were developed: the first was based on quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) while the second used thermal denaturation and renaturation (D-R). Both assays employed yeast DNA, the fluorescent dye SYBR Green and a real-time PCR thermocycler. The furanocoumarins 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP), 5-methoxypsoralen (5-MOP), psoralen, angelicin and imperatorin, and the furanochrome khellin, were tested for adduct forming ability with up to 2 h of UVA light exposure (λ = 320-400 nm). The known bifunctional compounds, 8-MOP, 5-MOP and psoralen, were inferred to form biadducts here based on both D-R and qPCR assays, as expected from previous research. The known monofunctional compound angelicin was used as a negative control and did not form biadducts based on either assay. Two compounds of unknown functional specificity, imperatorin and khellin, were determined to be positive and negative for biadduct activity, respectively. Detection of biadducts with 8-MOP, 5-MOP, psoralen and imperatorin, but not angelicin or khellin, was further verified by temperature gradient gel electrophoresis. The fluorescence methods improve and expand upon existing assays to monitor DNA adducts. Copyright

Biadducts, DNA denaturation-renaturation, Furanocoumarins, Photoadducts, qPCR
Phytochemical Analysis
Department of Biology

Bissonnette, L. (Laura), Arnason, J.T. (John T.), & Smith, M. (2008). Real-time fluorescence-based detection of furanocoumarin photoadducts of DNA. Phytochemical Analysis, 19(4), 342–347. doi:10.1002/pca.1058