Two closely linked genes, un-24 and het-6, associated with the het-6 heterokaryon incompatibility functional haplotype were examined in 40 Neurospora crassa strains from a Louisiana sugarcane field. Partial diploid analyses were used to determine that half of the strains were functionally Oak Ridge (OR) and half were non-OR and indistinguishable from the standard Panama (PA) form. PCR-based markers were developed to identify polymorphisms within both un-24 and het-6. Two common forms of each gene occur based on these molecular markers. Rare forms of both un-24 and het-6 were identified as variants of the non-OR form by a DNA transformation assay. The heterokaryon incompatibility function of haplotypes, based on partial diploid analyses, was perfectly correlated with the PCR-based markers at both loci. This correlation indicates that the two loci are in severe linkage disequilibrium in this population sample and may act as an incompatibility gene complex. Southern hybridizations using OR- and PA-derived cloned probes from the region that spans un-24 and het-6 showed that the apparent absence of recombination in this ~25-kbp region is associated with low levels of overall sequence identity between the PA and OR forms. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

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Keywords Disequilibrium, Fungi, Gene complex, Non-self-recognition, Recombination
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Journal Fungal Genetics and Biology
Mir-Rashed, N. (N.), Jacobson, D.J. (D. J.), Dehghany, M.R. (M. R.), Micali, O.C. (O. C.), & Smith, M. (2000). Molecular and functional analyses of incompatibility genes at het-6 in a population of Neurospora crassa. Fungal Genetics and Biology, 30(3), 197–205. doi:10.1006/fgbi.2000.1218