Vegetative incompatibility in the het-6 region of Neuospora crassa is mediated by two linked genes
Non-self-recognition during asexual growth of Neurospora crassa involves restriction of heterokaryon formation via genetic differences at 11 het loci, including mating type. The het-6 locus maps to a 250-kbp region of LGIIL. We used restriction fragment length polymorphisms in progeny with crossovers in the het-6 region and a DNA transformation assay to identify two genes in a 25-kbp region that have vegetative incompatibility activity. The predicted product of one of these genes, which we designate het-6(OR), has three regions of amino acid sequence similarity to the predicted product of the het-e vegetative incompatibility gene in Podospora anserina and to the predicted product of tol, which mediates mating-type vegetative incompatibility in N. crassa. The predicted product of the alternative het-6 allele, HET-6(PA), shares only 68% amino acid identity with HET-6(OR). The second incompatibility gene, un-24(OR), encodes the large subunit of ribonucleotide reductase, which is essential for de novo synthesis of DNA. A region in the carboxyl-terminal portion of UN-24 is associated with incompatibility and is variable between un-24(OR) and the alternative allele un-24(PA). Linkage analysis indicates that the 25-kbp un-24-het-6 region is inherited as a block, suggesting that a nonallelic interaction may occur between un-24 and bet-6 and possibly other loci within this region to mediate vegetative incompatibility in the het-6 region of N. crassa.
Smith, M, Micali, O.C. (O. C.), Hubbard, S.P. (S. P.), Mir-Rashed, N. (N.), Jacobson, D.J. (D. J.), & Glass, N.L. (N. Louise). (2000). Vegetative incompatibility in the het-6 region of Neuospora crassa is mediated by two linked genes. Genetics, 155(3), 1095–1104.