Finite-Difference Time-Domain (FDTD) Modelling of Space-Time Modulated Metasurfaces
A finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) modelling of finite-size zero thickness space-time modulated Huygens’ metasurfaces based on Generalized Sheet Transition Conditions (GSTCs), is proposed and numerically demonstrated. A typical all-dielectric Huygens’ unit cell is taken as an example and its material permittivity is modulated in both space and time, to emulate a travelling-type spatio-temporal perturbation on the metasurface. By mapping the permittivity variation onto the parameters of the equivalent Lorentzian electric and magnetic susceptibility densities, χee and χmm, the problem is formulated into a set of second-order differential equations in time with nonconstant coefficients. The resulting field solutions are then conveniently solved using an explicit finite-difference technique and integrated with a Yee-cell based propagation region to visualize the scattered fields taking into account the various diffractive effects from the metasurface of finite size. Several examples are shown for both linear and space-time varying metasurfaces which are excited with normally incident plane and Gaussian beams, showing detailed scattering field solutions.While the timemodulated metasurface leads to the generation of new collinearly propagating temporal harmonics, these harmonics are angularly separated in space, when an additional space modulation is introduced in the metasurface.
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation|
Stewart, S.A. (Scott A.), Smy, T, & Gupta, S. (2017). Finite-Difference Time-Domain (FDTD) Modelling of Space-Time Modulated Metasurfaces. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation. doi:10.1109/TAP.2017.2772045