Effective teamwork in ED resuscitations, including information sharing and situational awareness, could be degraded. Technological cognitive aids can facilitate effective teamwork. Objective: This study focused on the design of an ED situation display and pilot test its influence on teamwork and situational awareness during simulated resuscitation scenarios. Material and methods: The display design consisted of a central area showing the critical dynamic parameters of the interventions with an events time-line below it. Static information was placed at the sides of the display. We pilot tested whether the situation display could lead to higher scores on the Clinical Teamwork Scale (CTS), improved scores on a context-specific Situational Awareness Global Assessment Technique (SAGAT) tool, and team communication patterns that reflect teamwork and situational awareness. Results: Resuscitation teamwork, as measured by the CTS, was overall better with the presence of the situation display as compared with no situation display. Team members discussed interventions more with the situation display compared with not having the situation display. Situational awareness was better with the situation display only in the trauma scenario. Discussion: The situation display could be more effective for certain ED team members and in certain cases. Conclusions: Overall, this pilot study implies that a situation display could facilitate better teamwork and team communication in the resuscitation event.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Cognitive aid, Emergency Department, Healthcare technology, Information display, Medical emergency team, Situational awareness
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbi.2017.10.009
Journal Journal of Biomedical Informatics
Citation
Parush, A, Mastoras, G. (G.), Bhandari, A. (A.), Momtahan, K. (K.), Day, K. (K.), Weitzman, B. (B.), … Calder, L. (L.). (2017). Can teamwork and situational awareness (SA) in ED resuscitations be improved with a technological cognitive aid? Design and a pilot study of a team situation display. Journal of Biomedical Informatics. doi:10.1016/j.jbi.2017.10.009