This paper presents full-scale test results and CFD modeling of smoke conditions in atrium fires in the case of symmetric make-up air opening arrangements. The atrium used for the experiments was equipped with a smoke management system capable of exhausting 132 m3/s. Thermocouple trees were installed to measure the temperature along the height of the atrium. The N-percentage method was used to determine the smoke interface height from the measured temperature profiles. Make-up air velocities of 1 m/s, 1.5 m/s and 2 m/s were selected to investigate the effect of make-up air velocity on the smoke interface height in the case of 4-side and 2-opposite side openings. The fire size varied from 1 MW to 5 MW to cover the effect of small, medium and large fires. FDS was also used to simulate the atrium fires in order to compare the predictions with the full-scale test results and evaluate the accuracy of the developed correlations. Results show that the limit of 1 m/s is too restrictive in the case of symmetric opening arrangements. A correlation is proposed based on the full-scale test results that can be used to modify the smoke layer height obtained using plume equations so that the effect of make-up air velocity on the smoke layer height is considered.

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Keywords Atrium smoke management, CFD modelling, Full-scale fire test, Make-up air velocity
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Journal Fire Technology
Rafinazari, A. (Amir), & Hadjisophocleous, G. (2017). A Study of the Effect of Make-Up Air Velocity on the Smoke Layer Height with Symmetric Openings in Atrium Fires. Fire Technology, 1–25. doi:10.1007/s10694-017-0682-y