A dynamic multiscale simulation method has been used to study the nanoscale material removal processes for single crystals. The model simultaneously captures the atomistic mechanisms during material removal from the free surface and the long-range mobility of dislocations and their interactions without the computational cost of full atomistic simulations. The method also permits the simulation of system sizes that are approaching experimentally accessibly systems, albeit in 2D. Simulations are performed on single crystal aluminum to study the atomistic details of material removal, chip formation, surface evolution, and generation and propagation of dislocations for a wide range of tool speeds (20-800 m/s) at room temperature. The results from these simulations demonstrate the power of the developed method in capturing both long-range dislocation plasticity and short-range atomistic phenomena during tool advance. In addition, we have investigated the effect of the scratching depth during the material removal process. Fluctuations of scratching tangential force are related to dislocation generation events during the material removal process. A transition from dislocation generation and glides at lower tool speeds to localized amorphization at high tool speeds is found to give rise to an optimal tool speed for low cutting forces.

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Keywords Dislocation propagation, Finite element, Molecular dynamics, Multiscale, Nanoscratching
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmps.2007.03.018
Journal Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids
Shiari, B. (Behrouz), Miller, R, & Klug, D.D. (Dennis D.). (2007). Multiscale simulation of material removal processes at the nanoscale. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 55(11), 2384–2405. doi:10.1016/j.jmps.2007.03.018