The effects of caffeine supplementation is well documented in conventional animal models, however, in the lobster cockroaches Nauphoeta cinerea, they have not been reported. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the locomotor behavior and biochemical endpoints in the head of the nymphs of N. cinerea following 60 days exposure to food supplemented with 0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.5, 5.0 and 10.0 mg of caffeine/g of diet. The analysis of the locomotor behavior using the video-tracking software, Any-maze, for 12 min revealed that caffeine supplementation caused significant behavioral improvement. There was increase in distance travelled, velocity, frequency of rotation and turn angle (stereotypical behavior such as circling movements), and this was supported by the representative track plots of the path travelled by cockroaches in the open-field arena. In addition, caffeine supplementation markedly increased total thiol and non-protein thiol glutathione (GSH) levels in the heads of cockroaches, and this was in parallel with significant reduction of lipid peroxidation and free Fe(II) content. Taking together, our results indicate that long-term caffeine supplementation may exert preventive effects against oxidative stress and support the use of N. cinerea as an efficient alternative model to assess the efficacy of food molecules.

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Keywords Antioxidant defence, Caffeine supplementation, Locomotive behavior, Nauphoeta cinerea
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Journal Chemico-Biological Interactions
da Silva, C.S. (Cícera Simoni), de Cássia Gonçalves de Lima, R. (Rita), Elekofehinti, O.O. (Olusola Olalekan), Ogunbolude, Y. (Yetunde), Duarte, A.E. (Antonia Eliene), Rocha, J.B.T. (João Batista Teixeira), … Kamdem, J.P. (Jean Paul). (2018). Caffeine-supplemented diet modulates oxidative stress markers and improves locomotor behavior in the lobster cockroach Nauphoeta cinerea. Chemico-Biological Interactions, 282, 77–84. doi:10.1016/j.cbi.2018.01.011