Efficient Decoupling Capacitor Placement Based on Driving Point Impedance
With rapidly increasing switching speeds and surge current requirements, placement of local decoupling capacitors is becoming critically important in high-speed low-power designs. In this paper, utilizing the driving-point impedance (viewed from the device pin) as a metric, a new method is presented for the placement of decoupling capacitors in parallel-plate power ground pairs of high-speed circuits. In the proposed approach, instead of using the traditional trial-and-error method to identify an appropriate placement distance, the process is formulated in the form of a transcendental function. The resulting function is solved using Newton-Raphson (N-R) iterations to give a direct solution for the distance. Also, an analytical representation based on Hankel functions for the driving point impedance and its derivatives is developed to speed up the N-R iterations. The proposed method is validated by comparing the results with the full-wave electromagnetic simulations.
|Keywords||Capacitors, Decoupling capacitors, driving point impedance, Impedance, Microwave circuits, Pins, power delivery network, power integrity, Power measurement, printed circuit board, Rails, signal integrity, target impedance.|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques|
Erdin, I. (Ihsan), & Achar, R. (2018). Efficient Decoupling Capacitor Placement Based on Driving Point Impedance. IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques. doi:10.1109/TMTT.2017.2783382