Planning and self-control were examined in relation to preschoolers' (41- to 74-months) saving behavior. Employing a marble run paradigm, 54 children participated in two trials in which they could use their marbles immediately on a less desirable run, or save for a more desirable run. Twenty-nine children received the opportunity to create a budget. On Trial 1, children in the budgeting condition saved significantly more than did children in the control condition, and their planning ability related to saving (after controlling for age and language). Those who consistently budgeted at least one marble for the more desirable run were more likely to save. Control children's performance improved across trials, with no between-condition differences on Trial 2. Self-control was not related to saving.

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Journal Child Development
Kamawar, D, Connolly, K. (Kimberly), Astle-Rahim, A. (Andrea), Smygwaty, S. (Serena), & Vendetti, C. (Corrie). (2018). Preschoolers' Saving Behavior: The Role of Planning and Self-Control. Child Development. doi:10.1111/cdev.13037