Palladium catalyzed hydrodechlorination of 1-chlorooctadecane in supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) was performed and compared to dechlorination in isopropanol at atmospheric pressure (liquid isopropanol). The reaction utilized isopropanol as a hydrogen donor and its rate in SC-CO2 was significantly faster than in isopropanol at atmospheric pressure. The dechlorination yield in liquid isopropanol was increased by addition of NaOH, while the presence of either NaOH or triethylamine in SC-CO2 lowered the dechlorination yield significantly. Experimental parameters such as pressure, temperature, and the concentrations of reagents (isopropanol and palladium) in the absence of base were optimized in SC-CO2 to obtain complete dechlorination. Kinetic studies of the reaction were then performed to deduce the reaction mechanism. The apparent activation energies of the reaction were 43 ± 5 kJ mol-1 in SC-CO2 and 35 ± 3 kJ mol-1 in liquid isopropanol. The rate determining step of the reaction was deduced to be adsorption of 1-chlorooctadecane on the palladium surface.

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Keywords 1-Chlorooctadecane, Carbon dioxide, Catalytic dechlorination, Kinetic studies, Supercritical fluids
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Journal Applied Catalysis B: Environmental
Aikawa, B., Burk, R, & Sitholé, B.B. (2001). Catalytic dechlorination of 1-chlorooctadecane in supercritical carbon dioxide. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 32(4), 269–280. doi:10.1016/S0926-3373(01)00151-5