Electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) is increasingly being used to investigate unstable slopes and monitor the hydrogeological processes within. But movement of electrodes or incorrect placement of electrodes with respect to an assumed model can introduce significant resistivity artefacts into the reconstruction. In this work, we demonstrate a joint resistivity and electrode movement reconstruction algorithm within an iterative Gauss-Newton framework. We apply this to ERT monitoring data from an active slow-moving landslide in the UK. Results show fewer resistivity artefacts and suggest that electrode movement and resistivity can be reconstructed at the same time under certain conditions. A new 2.5-D formulation for the electrode position Jacobian is developed and is shown to give accurate numerical solutions when compared to the adjoint method on 3-D models. On large finite element meshes, the calculation time of the newly developed approach was also proven to be orders of magnitude faster than the 3-D adjoint method and addressed modelling errors in the 2-D perturbation and adjoint electrode position Jacobian.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Electrical resistivity tomography (ERT), Hydrogeophysics, Inverse theory, Tomography
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggx453
Journal Geophysical Journal International
Boyle, A. (Alistair), Wilkinson, P.B. (Paul B.), Chambers, J.E. (Jonathan E.), Meldrum, P.I. (Philip I.), Uhlemann, S. (Sebastian), & Adler, A. (2018). Jointly reconstructing ground motion and resistivity for ERT-based slope stability monitoring. Geophysical Journal International, 212(2), 1167–1182. doi:10.1093/gji/ggx453