This chapter examines the consequences of the First World War for the discipline of sociology. Andrew Johnston interrogates the international and national organization of sociology, with a focus on France and the United States and the international contexts in which they operated. The outbreak of war saw sociologists apply their learning to fundamental questions raised by the war about the organization of national and international society. The chapter argues that American sociology came increasingly under the influence of French sociology in wartime, leading to a shift in the practice of American sociology towards positivism. Much of this derived from the fragmentation of the academic world during the war and the wider questioning of German scholarship which followed the outbreak of war.

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Johnston, A. (2017). “Despite wars, scholars remain the great workers of the international”: American sociologists and french sociology during the first world war. In The Academic World in the Era of the Great War (pp. 97–118). doi:10.1057/978-1-349-95266-3_5