Smart cities and the politics of urban data
On the one hand, a smart city is one whose urban fabric is increasingly instrumented, composed of ‘everyware’ (Greenfield, 2006) – software-enabled infrastructures and networked digital devices and sensors that are used to augment urban management and governance. Here, a smart city is one that can be monitored, managed and regulated in real time using ICT infrastructure and ubiquitous computing that generate big data (Townsend, 2013). On the other hand, a smart city is one whose economy is increasingly driven by technology-inspired innovation and entrepreneurship that, in turn, will attract businesses and jobs, create efficiencies and savings and raise the productivity and competitiveness of government and businesses (Caragliu et al., 2009). Here, the focus is on the formulation and adoption of policies that use ICT to reshape human capital, creativity, education, sustainability, governance and economic activity to produce knowledge-driven, competitive, resilient urban systems. In many cases, cities are pursuing becoming smart in both regulatory and economic terms.
Kitchin, R. (Rob), Lauriault, T.P, & McArdle, G. (Gavin). (2015). Smart cities and the politics of urban data. In Smart Urbanism: Utopian Vision or False Dawn? (pp. 16–33). doi:10.4324/9781315730554