The through-thickness distribution of welding residual stress (RS) in a 30-mm-thick butt-welded Q345qD steel plate is investigated through experimental measurements and finite-element simulations. The simulated RS fields agree reasonably with the measured results for both surface and internal stresses. In addition, the weight function and finite-element methods are used to investigate the stress intensity factors (SIFs) at the surface and deepest points of semi-elliptical surface cracks subjected to a combination of external tensile load and through-thickness welding RS. Different crack aspect ratios and relative depths are analyzed. The results reveal that the longitudinal RS is always tensile through the plate thickness, making the SIFs of the surface and deepest points larger than those without considering the longitudinal RS. However, the transverse RS through the thickness presents tension–compression–tension, with the tensile transverse RS causing the SIFs to increase. When the crack tip enters the compressive stress region, the compressive stress offsets the external load and causes the SIFs to decrease.

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Keywords Q345qD steel butt-welded plate, Stress intensity factor, Surface crack, Through-thickness distribution, Welding residual stress
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Journal Engineering Fracture Mechanics
Qiang, B. (Bin), Li, Y. (Yadong), Yao, C. (Changrong), & Wang, X. (2018). Through-thickness welding residual stress and its effect on stress intensity factors for semi-elliptical surface cracks in a butt-welded steel plate. Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 193, 17–31. doi:10.1016/j.engfracmech.2018.02.016