Short-term Physiological Response Profiles of Tagged Migrating Adult Sockeye Salmon: A Comparison of Gastric Insertion and External Tagging Methods
A variety of electronic tag types are routinely applied to fish to better understand migration biology. However, tagging procedures have the potential to affect the postrelease behaviour and survival of tagged individuals. In this study, wild adult Sockeye Salmon Oncorhynchus nerka from the Harrison River, British Columbia, were radio-tagged by gastric insertion or external attachment techniques immediately after capture to understand the short-term physiological response to these two tagging methods. Plasma cortisol, glucose, lactate, sodium, and potassium levels, as well as white muscle lactate and glycogen concentrations, were measured in samples obtained from fish upon capture (0 h) as well as 1 or 4 h after the tagging treatment. The effects of key biological variables, such as sex and proximity to spawn, on the physiological response to the tagging events were also evaluated. Tagging occurred during two distinct time periods representing fish of different maturation states and durations of freshwater residency. Overall, the physiological response to the tagging scenarios was characteristic of the disturbance associated with exhaustive exercise. There were no significant differences detected in the response profiles following gastric or external tagging procedures. This was despite procedural differences such as stomach perforations observed in 68% of the gastric insertions in the late sampling period, and external attachments taking three times longer (43 s) than gastric insertion (15 s). Moreover, the tagged fish showed similar response profiles to control fish that were handled but not tagged. These results suggest that the capture and handling associated with a tagging event induced physiological disturbance, and that the addition of a quick tagging procedure appeared to be nonadditive over the 4-h assessment period. Sex and proximity to spawn had significant main and interaction effects on some of the physiological response variables, indicating that biological context is important for interpreting physiological assessments in experiments that manipulate exercise and stress responses in migrating adult Pacific salmon.
|Journal||Transactions of the American Fisheries Society|
Dick, M. (M.), Eliason, E.J. (E. J.), Patterson, D.A. (D. A.), Robinson, K.A. (K. A.), Hinch, S.G. (S. G.), & Cooke, S.J. (2018). Short-term Physiological Response Profiles of Tagged Migrating Adult Sockeye Salmon: A Comparison of Gastric Insertion and External Tagging Methods. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. doi:10.1002/tafs.10027