Data center networks usually employ the scale-out model to provide high bisection bandwidth for applications. A large amount of data is required to be transferred frequently between servers across multiple paths. However, traditional load balancing algorithms like Equal-Cost Multi-Path routing (ECMP) are not suitable for rapidly varying traffic in data center networks. Based on the special data center topologies and traffic characteristics, researchers have recently proposed some novel traffic scheduling mechanisms to balance traffic. In this paper, we present a comprehensive survey of recent solutions for load balancing in data center networks. First, recently proposed data center network topologies and the studies of traffic characteristics are introduced. Second, the definition of the load-balancing problem is described. Third, we analyze the differences between data center load balancing mechanisms and traditional Internet traffic scheduling. Then we present an in-depth overview of recent data center load balancing mechanisms. Finally, we analyze the performance of these solutions and discuss future research directions.

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Keywords data center, energy consumption., flow completion time, load balancing
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Journal IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials
Zhang, J. (Jiao), Yu, F.R, Wang, S. (Shuo), Huang, T. (Tao), Liu, Z. (Zengyi), & Liu, Y. (Yunjie). (2018). Load Balancing in Data Center Networks: A Survey. IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials. doi:10.1109/COMST.2018.2816042