This talk examines the role Indigenous peoples played in the formation of modern political boundaries in western North America. It focuses on the Plains Metis communities of the northwestern Plains and shows how the members of these communities shaped and were shaped by the establishment of the United States-Canada border across the nineteenth century.

Lecture given by Prof. Michel Hogue (Carleton University) for the Charles Redd Center for Western Studies at Brigham Young University on 15 October 2015 draws from Hogue's 2015 book, Metis and the Medicine Line: Creating a Border and Dividing a People (UNC Press).