In this study, an Al-containing alloy 214 was evaluated in superheated steam at 800 C for a duration of 600 h. The purpose of using superheated steam was to simulate the supercritical water (SCW) condition at higher temperatures where no commercial SCW rig is currently capable of reaching (800 C and beyond). After exposure to superheated steam, the weight change and surface oxidation were analyzed. Alloy 214 experienced greater weight gain than IN 625 and Ni20Cr5Al, due to its low Cr content. Formation of both Cr2O3 and Al2O3 was observed on the surface after 300 and 600 h of exposure. However, as exposure progressed, more Ni and Mn-containing spinel started to form, signaling Cr and Al depletion on the metal substrate surface.

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Journal Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science
Tepylo, N. (Nick), Sanchez, R.G. (Rainier Garcia), & Huang, X. (2018). Characterization of alloy 214 after exposure to superheated steam at 800 C. In Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science (Vol. 4). doi:10.1115/1.4037718