Over the last two decades, a number of Westminster parliamentary countries have adopted fixed or partially fixed election dates in response to growing public concerns about the ability of First Ministers to unfairly manipulate the timing of elections. Do First Ministers and their political parties gain an electoral advantage by controlling the timing of elections? Does that advantage disappear after the introduction of legislation constraining opportunistic election timing? We address these questions by analyzing and comparing 37 years of election results in eight Canadian provinces prior and subsequent to the passage of election timing legislation. Our evidence suggests that critics of the election timing power may be justified in calling for limits to this discretionary power.

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Keywords Electoral success, Fixed election dates, Incumbency advantage, Opportunistic election timing, Political surfing
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11109-018-9467-3
Journal Political Behavior
White, S.E, & Alcantara, C. (Christopher). (2018). Do Constraints Limit Opportunism? Incumbent Electoral Performance Before and After (Partially) Fixed-Term Laws. Political Behavior, 1–19. doi:10.1007/s11109-018-9467-3