We study a pair of populations in R2 which undergo diffusion and branching. The system is interactive in that the branching rate of each type is proportional to the local density of the other type. For a diffusion rate sufficiently large compared with the branching rate, the model is constructed as the unique pair of finite measure-valued processes which satisfy a martingale problem involving the collision local time of the solutions. The processes are shown to have densities at fixed times which live on disjoint sets and explode as they approach the interface of the two populations. In the long-term limit, global extinction of one type is shown. The process constructed is a rescaled limit of the corresponding Z2-lattice model studied by D. A. Dawson and E. A. Perkins [Ann. Probab. 26 (1998) 1088-1138] and resolves the large scale mass-time-space behavior of that model.

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Annals of Probability
School of Mathematics and Statistics

Dawson, D.A, Etheridge, A.M. (Alison M.), Fleischmann, K. (Klaus), Mytnik, L. (Leonid), Perkins, E.A. (Edwin A.), & Xiong, J. (Jie). (2002). Mutually catalytic branching in the plane: Finite measure states. Annals of Probability, 30(4), 1681–1762. doi:10.1214/aop/1039548370