A positive relationship between income and child outcomes has been observed in data from numerous countries. A key question concerns the extent to which this association represents a causal relationship as opposed to unobserved heterogeneity. We use data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth to implement a series of empirical strategies for estimating the existence and size of the effect of income on three measures of cognition. Our results indicate that the effect of income on these outcomes may well be positive, but that it is likely to be smaller than conventional estimates.

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Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0008-4085.2004.00253.x
Journal Canadian Journal of Economics
Dooley, M. (Martin), & Stewart, J. (2004). Family income and child outcomes in Canada. Canadian Journal of Economics, 37(4), 898–917. doi:10.1111/j.0008-4085.2004.00253.x