In the twenty-eighth edition of How Ottawa Spends leading Canadian scholars examine the Harper government agenda in the context of Steact;phane Dion's election as Liberal opposition leader and the emergence of climate change as a dominant political and policy issue. This volume focuses on Quebec-Canada relations and federal-provincial fiscal imbalance. Contributors explore several key policy and expenditure issues, including Canada-U.S. relations, the Federal Accountability Act, energy policy, health care, child care, crime and punishment, consumer policy, and public service labour relations. They also offer a critical analysis of the challenges to overall governance, including ministerial responsibility, public-private partnerships, and the handling of long-term spending commitments inherited by succeeding governments.