The impact of climate change is becoming increasingly obvious around the world but different levels of the Canadian government are failing to respond cohesively. For example, the Harper government immediately cut several liberal-era environmental research programs and admitted that Canada has been moving away from Kyoto Protocol targets and that the Kyoto Protocol is not central to its idea of either good environmental or good energy policy. Meanwhile, a Quebec liberal government announced that it would introduce a carbon tax to reduce CO2 emissions by 10 million tons by 2012 while Canada's mayors introduced their own climate change initiatives, linking them to local infrastructure development. This second volume in the ISE series examines the reshaping of ISE policy in the context of multi-level governance and policy. Contributors examine climate change policy, innovation in the natural resources sector, the internet pharmacy trade, biotechnology policy and governance, provincial government renewable energy policies, the psychological and human nature connection with sustainable development policies, procurement policy and innovation, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, and the commercialization of Canada's universities.

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Doern, G.B. (2007). Innovation, science, environment: Canadian policies and performance, 2007/2008. Innovation, Science, Environment: Canadian Policies and Performance, 2007/2008, 1–309.