This study identifies the characteristics of eligible African Americans who are not receiving food stamps. Secondary analysis of the American Community Survey focused on 14,443 African American citizens aged 18 and over who were living below the poverty line. Bivariate and logistic regression analyses were used to compare the 6,558 recipients of food stamps with the 7,885 non-recipients. Less than half of impoverished African American adults used food stamps in the previous year. Food stamp use was higher among females, younger respondents, and those who had not completed high school. FSP participation was associated with co-residing with children, receiving welfare benefits and reports of functional limitations. This study can inform food security activism and improved outreach to impoverished African Americans.

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Keywords Access, African American, Andersen Behavioral Model, Food Stamp Programs, Poverty, Social Welfare Programs
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Journal Race and Social Problems
Redmond, M, & Fuller-Thomson, E. (Esme). (2009). Food Stamp Program Participation Among Impoverished African Americans. Race and Social Problems, 1(2), 77–86. doi:10.1007/s12552-009-9008-0