Alloy 3033 was evaluated in superheated steam (SHS) at 800°C for a duration of 3000 hours. The SHS was able to simulate the supercritical water (SCW) condition at higher temperatures which no commercial SCW rig is currently capable of reaching. After exposure to the SHS, the weight change and surface oxide formation of Alloy 3033 were analyzed. Alloy 3033 had an initial weight gain after 1000 hours; however, the net weight gain reduced after 2000 and 3000 hours of exposure, suggesting oxide spallation. Formation of both Cr2O3 and MnCr2O4 was observed on the surface after 2000 and 3000 hours of SHS exposure. However, as exposure progressed, the XRD peak intensity ratio of MnCr2O4 to Cr2O3 decreased, in addition to the observation of more exposed Cr2O3. Based on this preliminary investigation, Alloy 3033 may not be suitable for extended use in SHS due to weight loss associated with oxide spallation.

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Keywords alloy 3033, EDS and XRD, oxidation, SEM, Superheated steam
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Journal Materials at High Temperatures
Tepylo, N. (Nick), & Huang, X. (2018). Characterization of alloy 3033 after exposure to superheated steam at 800°C. Materials at High Temperatures, 1–8. doi:10.1080/09603409.2018.1470745