Results are reported from a search for low-multiplicity neutrino bursts in the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory. Such bursts could indicate the detection of a nearby core-collapse supernova explosion. The data were taken from Phase I (1999 November-2001 May), when the detector was filled with heavy water, and Phase II (2001 July-2003 August), when NaCl was added to the target. The search was a blind analysis in which the potential backgrounds were estimated and analysis cuts were developed to eliminate such backgrounds with 90% confidence before the data were examined. The search maintained a greater than 50% detection probability for standard supernovae occurring at a distance of up to 60 kpc for Phase I and up to 70 kpc for Phase II. No low-multiplicity bursts were observed during the data-taking period.

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Keywords General, Neutrinos - supernovae
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Journal Astrophysical Journal
Aharmim, B. (B.), Ahmed, S.N. (S. N.), Anthony, A.E. (A. E.), Barros, N. (N.), Beier, E.W. (E. W.), Bellerive, A, … Zuber, K. (K.). (2011). Low-multiplicity burst search at the Sudbury neutrino Observatory. Astrophysical Journal, 728(2). doi:10.1088/0004-637X/728/2/83