Upper limits on the [Formula Presented] flux at the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory have been set based on the [Formula Presented] charged-current reaction on deuterium. The reaction produces a positron and two neutrons in coincidence. This distinctive signature allows a search with very low background for [Formula Presented]’s from the Sun and other potential sources. Both differential and integral limits on the [Formula Presented] flux have been placed in the energy range from 4–14.8 MeV. For an energy-independent [Formula Presented] conversion mechanism, the integral limit on the flux of solar [Formula Presented]’s in the energy range from 4–14.8 MeV is found to be [Formula Presented] (90% C.L.), which corresponds to 0.81% of the standard solar model [Formula presented] [Formula Presented] flux of [Formula Presented], and is consistent with the more sensitive limit from KamLAND in the 8.3–14.8 MeV range of [Formula Presented] (90% C.L.). In the energy range from 4–8 MeV, a search for [Formula Presented]’s is conducted using coincidences in which only the two neutrons are detected. Assuming a [Formula Presented] spectrum for the neutron induced fission of naturally occurring elements, a flux limit of [Formula Presented] (90% C.L.) is obtained.

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Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.70.093014
Journal Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Citation
Aharmim, B. (B.), Ahmed, S.N. (S. N.), Beier, E.W. (E. W.), Bellerive, A, Biller, S.D. (S. D.), Boger, J. (J.), … Zuber, K. (K.). (2004). Electron antineutrino search at the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory. Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, 70(9). doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.70.093014