Radon backgrounds in the DEAP-1 liquid-argon-based Dark Matter detector
The DEAP-1 7 kg single phase liquid argon scintillation detector was operated underground at SNOLAB in order to test the techniques and measure the backgrounds inherent to single phase detection, in support of the DEAP-3600 Dark Matter detector. Backgrounds in DEAP are controlled through material selection, construction techniques, pulse shape discrimination, and event reconstruction. This report details the analysis of background events observed in three iterations of the DEAP-1 detector, and the measures taken to reduce them. The 222Rn decay rate in the liquid argon was measured to be between 16 and 26 μBq kg-1. We found that the background spectrum near the region of interest for Dark Matter detection in the DEAP-1 detector can be described considering events from three sources: radon daughters decaying on the surface of the active volume, the expected rate of electromagnetic events misidentified as nuclear recoils due to inefficiencies in the pulse shape discrimination, and leakage of events from outside the fiducial volume due to imperfect position reconstruction. These backgrounds statistically account for all observed events, and they will be strongly reduced in the DEAP-3600 detector due to its higher light yield and simpler geometry.
|Keywords||Dark Matter, DEAP, Liquid argon|
Amaudruz, P.-A. (P. A.), Batygov, M. (M.), Beltran, B. (B.), Boudjemline, K. (K.), Boulay, M.G, Cai, B. (B.), … Ward, M. (M.). (2015). Radon backgrounds in the DEAP-1 liquid-argon-based Dark Matter detector. Astroparticle Physics, 62, 178–194. doi:10.1016/j.astropartphys.2014.09.006