The concurrent production of heat and electricity within residential buildings using solid-oxide fuel cell (SOFC) micro-cogeneration devices has the potential to reduce primary energy consumption, greenhouse gas emissions, and air pollutants. A realistic assessment of this emerging technology requires the accurate simulation of the thermal and electrical production of SOFC micro-cogeneration devices concurrent with the simulation of the building, its occupants, and coupled plant components. The calibration of such a model using empirical data gathered from experiments conducted with a 2.8 kWAC SOFC micro-cogeneration device is demonstrated. The experimental configuration, types of instrumentation employed, and the operating scenarios examined are treated. The propagation of measurement uncertainty into the derived quantities that are necessary for model calibration are demonstrated by focusing upon the SOFC micro-cogeneration system's gas-to-water heat exchanger. The calibration coefficients necessary to accurately simulate the thermal and electrical performance of this prototype device are presented and the types of analyses enabled to study the potential of the technology are demonstrated.

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Keywords Building simulation, Combined heat and power, Micro-cogeneration, Model calibration, Residential buildings, Solid-oxide fuel cell
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Journal Journal of Power Sources
Beausoleil-Morrison, I, & Lombardi, K. (Kathleen). (2009). The calibration of a model for simulating the thermal and electrical performance of a 2.8 kWAC solid-oxide fuel cell micro-cogeneration device. Journal of Power Sources, 186(1), 67–79. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2008.08.098