The LORE Lunar Origins and Resource Explorer miniature payload is proposed for JAXA's Selene 2 landed lunar mission. LORE is designed to provide, for the first time, systematic exploration of the lunar surface and subsurface ice distribution, implanted H, dust, mineralogy and resources, using UV/VIS/MIR spectroscopy. Preliminary supporting laboratory investigations at the University of Winnipeg suggest that the UV region can provide new geological information unobtainable by other techniques, and in particular, abundances of ilmenite and related lunar oxides, key potential in situ resources for oxygen and solar wind-implanted hydrogen. The LORE stand-off measurement capabilities will be used to provide studies of lunar exospheric diurnal processes with high temporal resolution. The spectral differences between ilmenite and other lunar minerals in the ultraviolet region will be exploited for mapping ilmenite distribution and abundances on the lunar surface and subsurface. A miniature robotic drill with integral bore-hole probe will facilitate subsurface pristine mapping of the lunar polar regolith stratigraphy and condensed volatile content to elucidate prior impact history and trapped volatile content.

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Conference 12th International Conference of Pacific-Basin Societies, ISCOPS
Citation
Kruzelecky, R.V. (R. V.), Wong, B. (B.), Zou, J. (J.), Haddad, E. (E.), Jamroz, W. (W.), Cloutis, E. (E.), … Ravindran, G. (Gita). (2010). LORE: Lunar origins and resource explorer. In Advances in the Astronautical Sciences (pp. 681–699).