The exploration of the planets and other bodies of the solar system is one of the most exciting aspects of 21st century science. Some of the basic concepts of planetary rovers with an emphasis on some specific challenging areas of research that are peculiar to planetary robotics without being associated with terrestrial mobile robotics are discussed. The primary goal for a planetary rover is to navigate in an unknown, hostile terrain, recognize and negotiate obstacles, deploy scientific instrumentation, and acquire samples from scientific targets. Surface planetary rovers are robotic vehicles that interact with hostile terrains in the space. Planetary rovers have a number of additional critical constraints that are absent from traditional terrestrial mobile robots. The dynamical perspective on robot-environment interaction has also increased in importance in robotics.

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Journal International Journal of Advanced Robotic Systems
Ellery, A. (2004). SPACE ROBOTICS Part 3: Robotic rovers for planetary exploration. International Journal of Advanced Robotic Systems, 1(1), 303–307.