This paper investigates the second-order cyclostationarity of block transmitted-single carrier linearly digitally modulated (BT-SCLD) signals, and its applications to signal classification and blind (non-data aided) parameter estimation. Analytical closed-form expressions are derived for the cyclic autocorrelation function (CAF), cyclic spectrum (CS), complementary CAF (CCAF), complementary CS (CCS), and corresponding cycle frequencies (CFs). Furthermore, the conditions for avoiding aliasing in the cycle and spectral frequency domains are obtained. Based on these findings, we propose algorithms for classifying BT-SCLD, orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM), and SCLD signals, and for the blind estimation of the BT-SCLD block transmission parameters. Simulation and laboratory experiments demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithms under low signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs), short sensing times, and various channel conditions. Furthermore, these algorithms have the advantage of not requiring the recovery of carrier, waveform, and symbol timing information, or the estimation of signal and noise powers.

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Keywords Alamouti space-time block code, fourth-order statistics, Signal classification, spatial multiplexing
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Journal IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Zhang, Q. (Q.), Dobre, O.A. (O. A.), Eldemerdash, Y.A. (Y. A.), Rajan, S, & Inkol, R. (R.). (2013). Second-order cyclostationarity of BT-SCLD signals: Theoretical developments and applications to signal classification and blind parameter estimation. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 12(4), 1501–1511. doi:10.1109/TWC.2013.021213.111888