This paper describes a numerical method for efficiently identifying the regions of fastest mixing of a passive dye in a flow due to a system of point vortices. Results obtained from computations are presented for systems of three and four point vortices, both in the unbounded domain and inside a circular cylinder. The flow is two-dimensional and the fluid is incompressible. The regions where mixing is possible are found by studying the largest Lagrangian Lyapunov exponent distribution with respect to various initial positions of tracer particles. The regions of fastest mixing are then identified from the Lyapunov exponent distribution at small times. The results of the method are verified by quantifying the mixing by using a traditional box counting technique. The technique is then applied to several different initial configurations of vortices and some interesting results are obtained. Some numerical findings about the nature of the exponents computed are also discussed. Copyright

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International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids
Department of Systems and Computer Engineering

Ramachandran, P. (Prabhu), & Rajan, S. (2002). Identification of regions of fastest mixing in a system of point vortices. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 38(5), 447–469. doi:10.1002/fld.130