A novel method for stand-off detection and localization of human targets behind the wall using a monostatic ultra wideband (UWB) radar is proposed. In this method, Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) and skewness are employed to achieve detection and localization. Identification of possible bins that may contain the target is done using the SVD while decision about the presence of the target in the identified bin is made using skewness. After preprocessing of the signal, skewness of the radar returns over the scans at every bin is calculated before applying this methodology. In this method, the contributions of the clutter is removed to enhance the returns from the target, by removing the dominant singular values iteratively and the range profiles over scans are reconstructed at each iteration. After each iteration, the energy in the bin over the scans is compared and the bin with maximum energy is identified as a potential target location and the previously determined skewness at this bin is compared against a precomputed data-dependent threshold. A target is declared detected if the skewness at the selected bin is lower than the threshold. The proposed method is applied on 46 measurements with a single target behind 20 cm thick gypsum wall. This method produced a 0% probability of error type I (False detection) and 4.34% error type II (missed detection) while detecting single targets. Using the same approach, it was also possible to discriminate between two targets standing 0.3 m away from each other and 3.5 m behind a 20 cm thick gypsum wall.

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Keywords human detection, skewness, SVD, through-the-wall detection, UWB radar
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1109/RADAR.2014.6875832
Conference 2014 IEEE Radar Conference, RadarCon 2014
Mabrouk, M. (Mohamed), Rajan, S, Bolic, M. (Miodrag), Batkin, I. (Izmail), Dajani, H.R. (Hilmi R.), & Groza, V.Z. (Voicu Z.). (2014). Detection of human targets behind the wall based on singular value decomposition and skewness variations. In IEEE National Radar Conference - Proceedings (pp. 1466–1470). doi:10.1109/RADAR.2014.6875832