A specified probability of false alarm can be obtained for the FFT summation detector by setting the detection threshold as the product of the channel noise floor and the normalized detection threshold Tn. The channel noise floor is often adaptively estimated from the FFT filter bank output and Tn is mostly computed by solving a non-linear equation, which can be reliably accomplished when, L, the number of input data blocks, and, N, the number of FFT bins assigned to a channel, are both relatively small. However, when L or N is large, numerical procedures often break down, yielding invalid results. This paper provides new theoretical results concerning the computation of Tn. Using two inequalities involving positively weighted sums of central 2 random variables, it is shown that the Tn for overlapped input data with an overlap ratio not exceeding 50% is larger than the Tn for non-overlapped input data, assuming that the same number of input data blocks is processed by the FFT. This inequality can be used as a first level of sanity check when verifying results obtained by procedures such as the Newton-Ralphson and the golden section search algorithms.

Additional Metadata
Keywords constant false alarm rate, FFT filter bank, noise floor, normalized detection threshold, signal detection, spectral analysis
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1109/CCECE.2011.6030425
Conference 2011 Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, CCECE 2011
Wang, S. (Sichun), Inkol, R. (Robert), Rajan, S, & Patenaude, F. (Francois). (2011). A comparison of the normalized detection threshold for the overlapped and non-overlapped FFT summation detectors. In Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (pp. 136–141). doi:10.1109/CCECE.2011.6030425