Breathing causes fluctuations in blood pressure and contributes to variations in blood pressure estimates. In order to reduce the variability in the blood pressure estimates induced by breathing, either the breathing signal should be removed from the oscillometric blood pressure signal, or its effects should be suppressed. This paper presents a hybrid method that combines homomorphic and adaptive signal processing techniques to extract the breathing signal from the oscillometric signal with or without a simultaneously recorded electrocardiogram (ECG). The quality of the extracted breathing signal and the depth of breathing are assessed using the reference breathing signals. The breathing signals extracted using the accompanying ECG signal were found to be superior in quality compared to the ones extracted from the oscillometric waveform. The blood pressure estimates were evaluated before and after the breathing suppression techniques were implemented. As a result of the breathing suppression, the fluctuation of the systolic and diastolic blood pressure estimates obtained from a database of 85 healthy subjects is reduced.

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Keywords Adaptive filters, breathing signal extraction, breathing signal suppression, homomorphic filter, oscillometric blood pressure measurement
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Journal IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement
Chen, S. (Silu), Bolic, M. (Miodrag), Groza, V.Z. (Voicu Z.), Dajani, H.R. (Hilmi R.), Batkin, I. (Izmail), & Rajan, S. (2011). Extraction of breathing signal and suppression of its effects in oscillometric blood pressure measurement. In IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement (Vol. 60, pp. 1741–1750). doi:10.1109/TIM.2010.2092874