In this paper, we consider an overlay cognitive radio (CR) scenario where the primary transmitter (PT) and the primary receiver (PR) communicate via the help of a secondary users' (SUs) system. Under a worst-case scenario, we assume that the link between the primary users (PUs) is broken and the help of a selected secondary transmitter (ST) is required. Taking advantage of this opportunity, this ST will be able to transmit its own data. The communications of the PUs and the SUs take place over two phases. In the first phase, receive space shift keying (R-SSK) is employed at the PT in order to activate one ST for reception. This ST is scheduled to transmit its own data during the second phase using conventional SSK, which also allows the PR to decode the PT's message. The proposed scheduling scheme is initiated by the PT based on its incoming bits which provides fairness among STs. The proposed system comes with other advantages including the low receivers' complexity and the improved energy efficiency (EE) all gained by the use of SSK. We analyze the performance of the proposed scheme in terms of the average bit error probability (ABEP). We finally provide comparisons to existing schemes and we generate numerical results through which we confirm the derived analysis and we demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed overlay cognitive scheduling scheme.

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Keywords Energy efficiency, Linear precoding, Overlay cognitive radio, Secondary users' scheduling, SSK/R-SSK
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Conference 2018 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, WCNC 2018
Bouida, Z. (Zied), Gharib, A. (Anastassia), & Ibnkahla, M. (2018). Secondary system's scheduling using precoding-aided space shift keying for overlay cognitive radio. In IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, WCNC (pp. 1–5). doi:10.1109/WCNC.2018.8377409