We are attempting to develop novel synthetic antioxidants aimed at retarding the effects of free-radical induced cell damage. In this paper we discuss the design strategy and report the synthesis of seven novel antioxidants, including six catechols and a benzylic phenol. The bond dissociation enthalpy (BDE) for the most active (weakest) OH bond in each molecule was calculated by theoretical methods, as well as the BDE for the semiquinone radical. Reaction rates with the nitrogen-centered free radical DPPH . were measured in ethyl acetate. The log of k DPPH for bimolecular reaction correlated well with the primary BDE. The correlation between rate constants and calculated BDEs shows that the BDE is a good predictor of antioxidant activity with DPPH ., suggesting that our design criteria are useful and that these compounds should undergo further testing in cell cultures and in animal models.

Journal of Organic Chemistry
Department of Chemistry

Hussain, H.H. (Helmi H.), Babic, G. (Gordana), Durst, T. (Tony), Wright, J.S, Flueraru, M. (Mihaela), Chichirau, A. (Alexandru), & Chepelev, L.L. (Leonid L.). (2003). Development of novel antioxidants: Design, synthesis, and reactivity. Journal of Organic Chemistry, 68(18), 7023–7032. doi:10.1021/jo0301090