The multisearch problem is defined as follows. Given a data structure D modeled as a graph with n constant-degree nodes, perform O(n) searches on D. Let r be the length of the longest search path associated with a search process, and assume that the paths are determined "on-line." That is, the search paths may overlap arbitrarily. In this paper, we solve the multisearch problem for certain classes of graphs in O([formula] + r ([formula]/log n)) time on a [formula] × [formula]n mesh-connected computer. For many data structures, the search path traversed when answering one search query has length r = O(log n). For these cases, our algorithm processes O(n) such queries in asymptotically optimal Θ([formula]) time. The classes of graphs we consider contain many of the important data structures that arise in practice, ranging from simple trees to Kirkpatrick hierarchical search DAGs. Multisearch is a useful abstraction that can be used to implement parallel versions of standard sequential data structures on a mesh. As example applications, we consider a variety of parallel on-line tree traversals, as well as hierarchical representations of polyhedra and its myriad of applications (line-polyhedron intersection queries, multiple tangent plane determination, intersecting convex polyhedra, and three-dimensional convex hull).

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Journal Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing
Atallah, M.J., Dehne, F, Miller, R., Rauchaplin, A., & Tsay, J.J. (1994). Multisearch Techniques: Parallel Data Structures on Mesh-Connected Computers. Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing, 20(1), 1–13. doi:10.1006/jpdc.1994.1001