Since the end of the genocide and civil war in Rwanda, various measures have been implemented to facilitate women's political participation. This chapter looks to post-conflict Rwanda as a case study in the successes and limitations in efforts to increase women's participation in public life. The chapter details the desired outcomes of increased political participation by women before turning to the Rwandan example. It argues that while the increased presence of women in public life has resulted in some positive economic, political, and social outcomes, the power of female politicians is largely limited and has not resulted in sustainable or equitable long-term policies. The chapter concludes that while Rwanda has formally adopted many of the international best practices of transitional justice, its overall gains in women's participation are more uneven, contradictory, and nonlinear than is often recognized.

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Department of Law and Legal Studies

Buss, D, & Ali, J. (Jerusa). (2017). Rwanda: Women’s political participation in post-conflict state-building. In The Oxford Handbook of Gender and Conflict (pp. 567–578). doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199300983.013.45