Disruptive coloration is a camouflage strategy proposed to function by breaking up an animal's boundary and mask its characteristic shape, thereby impairing its recognition by onlookers. Recent studies on disruptive coloration have consistently shown an association between putative 'disruptive' edge coloration and heightened survivorship, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. If edge markings enhance survivorship through disruption, then the success of this camouflage strategy should depend on the visibility of the animal's boundaries and its shape. Here, we experimentally tested the hypothesis that the disruptive camouflage of a prey improves its survivorship in a manner that is conditional on the visibility of its boundaries and its overall shape. We found that both boundary visibility (solid versus translucent boundary) and boundary shape (straight versus ruffled outlines) affected survivorship of artificial moths in a human computer-foraging task. Furthermore, as expected, the observed survival benefits of edge markings were conditional upon the boundaries' visibility. Surprisingly, however, no such interaction was found between edge markings and body shape on overall survivorship. Therefore, it remains uncertain whether disruptive edge markings affect shape perception per se. Collectively, however, our results add further support to the contention that edge markings provide camouflage by breaking up an animal's boundaries in a manner independent of background matching.

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Keywords Antipredator, Background matching, Crypsis, Disruptive coloration, Edge detection, Object recognition, Predation
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2015.03.027
Journal Animal Behaviour
Citation
Webster, R.J. (Richard J.), Godin, J.-G.J, & Sherratt, T. (2015). The role of body shape and edge characteristics on the concealment afforded by potentially disruptive marking. Animal Behaviour, 104, 197–202. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2015.03.027