A geometric graph is a graph whose vertices are points in the plane and whose edges are straight-line segments between the points. A plane spanning tree in a geometric graph is a spanning tree that is non-crossing. Let R and B be two disjoint sets of points in the plane such that (Formula presented.) is in general position, and let (Formula presented.). Assume that the points of R are colored red and the points of B are colored blue. A bichromatic plane spanning tree is a plane spanning tree in the complete bipartite geometric graph with bipartition (R, B). In this paper we consider the maximum bichromatic plane spanning tree problem, which is the problem of computing a bichromatic plane spanning tree of maximum total edge length.1.For the maximum bichromatic plane spanning tree problem, we present an approximation algorithm with ratio 1 / 4 that runs in (Formula presented.) time.2.We also consider the multicolored version of this problem where the input points are colored with (Formula presented.) colors. We present an approximation algorithm that computes a plane spanning tree in a complete k-partite geometric graph, and whose ratio is 1 / 6 if (Formula presented.), and 1 / 8 if (Formula presented.).3.We also revisit the special case of the problem where (Formula presented.), i.e., the problem of computing a maximum plane spanning tree in a complete geometric graph. For this problem, we present an approximation algorithm with ratio 0.503; this is an extension of the algorithm presented by Dumitrescu and Tóth (Discrete Comput Geom 44(4):727–752, 2010) whose ratio is 0.502.4.For points that are in convex position, the maximum bichromatic plane spanning tree problem can be solved in (Formula presented.) time. We present an (Formula presented.)-time algorithm that solves this problem for the case where the red points lie on a line and the blue points lie on one side of the line.

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doi.org/10.1007/s00453-018-0482-x
Algorithmica
Computational Geometry Lab

Biniaz, A. (Ahmad), Bose, P, Crosbie, K. (Kimberly), de Carufel, J.-L. (Jean-Lou), Eppstein, D. (David), Maheshwari, A, & Smid, M. (2018). Maximum Plane Trees in Multipartite Geometric Graphs. Algorithmica, 1–23. doi:10.1007/s00453-018-0482-x