A rice CDPK gene, OsCDPK14 (AY144497), was cloned from developing caryopses of rice (Oryza sativa cv. Zhonghua 15). Its cDNA sequence (1922 bp) contains an ORF encoding a 514 amino acids protein (56.7 kD, pl 5.18). OsCDPK14 shows the typical structural features of the CDPK family, including a conserved catalytic Ser/Thr kinase domain, an autoinhibitory domain and a CaM-like domain with four putative Ca<sup>2+</sup>-binding EF hands. Subcellular targeting indicated that OsCDPK14 was located in the cytoplasm, probably due to the absence of myristoylation and palmitoylation motifs. OsCDPK14 was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified from bacterial extracts. The recombinant protein was shown to be a functional protein kinase using Syntide-2, a synthetic peptide. Kinase activity was shown to be Ca<sup>2+</sup>-dependent, and this activation was strongly enhanced by Mn<sup>2+</sup> and inhibited by W7 in vitro. These results provide significant insights into the regulation and biochemical properties of OsCDPK14, suggesting OsCDPK14 may be a signal factor of cytoplasm in rice plant.

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Keywords Calcium-dependent protein kinase (CDPK), cDNA cloning, Kinase activities, OsCDPK14, Rice (Oryza sativa), Subcellular localization
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jplph.2004.12.010
Journal Journal of Plant Physiology
Zhang, T. (Tiegang), Wang, Q. (Qi), Chen, X. (Xing), Tian, C. (Chunhua), Wang, X. (Xinshen), Xing, T, … Wang, Y. (Yingdian). (2005). Cloning and biochemical properties of CDPK gene OsCDPK14 from rice. Journal of Plant Physiology, 162(10), 1149–1159. doi:10.1016/j.jplph.2004.12.010