We have characterized a member of the stress-associated protein (SAP) gene family from Sorghum bicolor (SbSAP14) with A20 and AN1 zinc-finger domains. Expression profiling revealed that SbSAP14 is specifically induced in response to dehydration, salt, and oxidative stress as well as abscisic acid treatment. During the early stage of salt stress, overexpression of SbSAP14 was able to prevent yellowing and withering of the leaf tip of rice plants. Measurements of malondialdehyde, ion leakage, and chlorophyll content demonstrated that transgenic rice had an enhanced tolerance to oxidative damage caused by salt stress. Under prolonged salt stress, transgenic rice plants had a higher seed germination rate and higher percentage seedling survival than wild-type (WT) plants. Importantly, in vivo and in situ assays revealed that the accumulation of reactive oxygen species in transgenic rice plants was significantly lower than that in WT plants. Among the six antioxidant genes tested, APX2, CatB, CatC, and SodA1 showed a higher expression level in transgenic rice than in WT rice. Based on these results, we propose that SbSAP14 may play a key role in antioxidant defense systems and possibly be involved in the induction of antioxidant genes in plants, suggesting a possible mechanism of the SAP gene family in stress defense response.

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Molecular Breeding
Department of Biology

Wang, Y. (Yinghua), Zhang, L. (Lingrui), Zhang, L. (Lili), Xing, T, Peng, J. (Jianzong), Sun, S. (Shulan), … Wang, X. (Xiaojing). (2013). A novel stress-associated protein SbSAP14 from Sorghum bicolor confers tolerance to salt stress in transgenic rice. Molecular Breeding, 32(2), 437–449. doi:10.1007/s11032-013-9882-4